nX_d[G_rI_;LD tId]zS(Lo-men-chong-sum/Tripartite Treaty)

ofSyLIafxfC ;LSvlD vfDPLF[G nTylS vfDaXi-af ;LjfI FX. ;LSvlDdX gfDu[N ;oIn[G xfI rXs-df tulc] ofSyLIafxfC sKdX d[oLIi[F d[jo[. gfhlFl tIa] 1642gL 1670 vfFfS ;LSvlDdX mLGpX gfDu[Nn[G tIa] 24 vfFfS xfI rXuL. v[De[Nn[ ;LSvlD nTylS rXs-oLDaf rLLS;f nfh]C jo[. tIa] 1642cX mLGpX gfDu[NnlG  xfIoLSgfCcX d[oLSvL ofDdX tIa]g- “pL_tf” (Water Horse Year) d[d[TtL. vLg[Cg- ;LSvlDaf ylS;lu]s-kf xfI d[hXuLcfI oS;LDn[G gUaLufOI (cfNnX gfDwf ;LSvlD) d[Kgf t[GgX d[oLSvLcfI jo[ . v[De[Nn[ ;LSvlDn[G sLoft- (area)clG c}GafefI oFlS oDaf jo[. sG ;LSvlD ;lufI gfDu[Gn[K;fIaf g]kfn-n[G clnfD yLDV tla]Tn[G pLDal efNnl gL eLtfGn[G xf efNnlV sNn[ nfIu[T kl;fIaf xfIclg-bXCclG bXjfU (Duars)vfFfS s[F[cfI jo[.

    g]kfn- nfh]Caf gfDu[G t[IuKkX ofSyLIafxfCF[G clIhfIiX ylaXi- tLDdlxfIxfC j]Cj] yLDdX ;LxfIu[D d[hXuLcfI d[jo[. v[G t[GglG nlDjfg- d[d[TtL. sG nlGjfg-glG cfNnX g]kfn-n[G vfDPL kXs-v[cfI jfC. v[G ylSaXi- tLDdlxfIxfC (Chieftains/minister) ylaXi- ofSyLI d[d[TtL.

    tIa] 1642cX ;LD;l o[s-kf tXdfI_nfD;laf (Buddhist/follower of Lord Buddha) p[DaXxfC (Chembos)F[ tXdfI_;fDoX clIeG d[hXuLF nfId[P]s-slNn[ ;LSvlD nfh]C x[KdX d[Ff;[cfI d[jo[. sF sG ;LD;lc] j]Cj] kl;fIxfCnfD d[b[OafcfI d[jo[. v[De[Nn[ sG ;LD;l p[DaX of nfdfxfC ylS;lu]s-kf gfbLDdlG gfDwf ;LSvlDaf oS;LDn[G gUaLufOI d[Kgf t[GgX d[aXs-v[cfI d[jo[. sG ylS;lu]s-kf nfdf nfT;G p[DaXV vLg[C hIulq kXs-v[gL yfIu[T kl;fInfD s[F[. x[Ss]FlS sG gl;lu]s-kf nfdf ;[Dkf p[DaXV sfUtXs-kfF[G nfdfV vLg[C ;lIufnlnfnLI (Singalila range)n[G gfDwf kl;fInfD s[F[. sLgLD ;LD;lu]s-kf nfdf FlGhlI p[DaXV u[ObfSkfF[G nfdfV vLg[C gfDrl gL bfUh]nlIaf nfD kXs-v[gL nfIu[T kl;fInfD ng-b[ t[OafcfI jo[.

    mLGpX gfDu[Nn[ sLxfIu[DdX c}Gaf ;LSvlDn[G gfcla]s-efI v[De[Nn[ oFlSn[I oDaf jo[. vLg[C ;LxfIu[DdlG yfIu[TgL yfI_nfV tla]Tkf mfFlV  gfDu[GgL tfuXI_nfV eLtfGaf kfFXF[ sLa];fI gL nfIu[TgL tltfnfO vfFfSV t]d[G nfh]CF[ alxfU gL a]IuNF[G xfIclg-bXC sLa];fI jo[. vLg[C ;LxfIu[DdlG ;LNnlSFS d[F[M;-;LcfI jo[ sF sG nfh]C x[KdX s[oLIaf rLShLS;f ;LjfIxfCF[G tLDofIxfIilG gfd-df (to win)F[ nful vLglC ;[Svfc] ofd-aS rXuLF jo[. nTylS d[GbIgf oLSmXaf sLhXs-clt- (administrative structure/framework) oLS;lI rXs-d[KdX tul tul x]s-;lIiX sG xfIn[G koDoDaf r[ofd-eX kXs-v[. sG xfIn[ clt-tL v[G sG sfS ofg-glG sfUyfSxfC (Karthaks) gL cld]k-kf tf;-;XxfC (Lepcha Tassos)F[G d[xLSsX jfC. v[KdX s[jfCaf ;LjfIxfC y];fI tLg-b]C d[hXu[Gg[ ofDdX vLglC ;Ldfhlaf ylDdlG m[Td[FfMGg[ vLg[C gfd-df glg-wX rXuL. dLb[Daf xfIilNn[ v[G nfh]CclG ylaXi-ifI g[T yLDx[KdX ylaXi-ifI g[Tt] cld]k-kf tLdlxfI oLSvLcfI xfM;L. v[G xfIilNn[ xfM;Laf yLDxfC nf;-;LV bfn-nXGV ofIyfIV sfg-bSV FlgSV aUd[SV tf;lblIV ;fIV dfnlIV ;ldlS gL kfGbfDV. x[Ss]FlS j]C ;LjfIxfCF[G g;fg-glGgfI gfd-dfF[ nful sfS afDaXi-af o[s-kf tLDofIxfIn[G rLDnLIwlS tIx`;L (organised) cfTtlG vLg[C clIeXM;L v[G ;LSvlDd] dLb[DafV cld]k-kf gL ofSyLIaf ;LjfIxfC nTylS ;oI nX. vf sSs]FlS vLglC dLb[DafV cld]k-kf gL ofSyLIaf nLDdX nTylS “nX_d[G_rI_;LD” d[Kgf tlqkftl kfg-bI (tripartite agreement) of tId]zS (treaty) d[hXuLcfI d[jo[. sG tId]zSslG “b[GhI mLGpX vfI;fU” d[Kgf t[GgX xLS;[MG d[hXuL nTylS n[K;fI pXu]N p[DaXF[G tLDdlxfIxfC gL j]C n[K;fI cld]k-kf gL ofSyLIafF[G nfDnXafxfC v[KdX mfxLIulqV mfmLFXIV tf;lblIV k]dfofIplV y[SrXofIplV FfKb[Gpl ju[FfxfCF[G oLSt[Gaf ;fDdfIxfC (local deities). sG ;LD;l ;LjfIaf nLKxfC (ethnic groups) “nX” m[Nn[ “dLb[Daf”V “d[G” m[Nn[ “cld]k-kf” gL “rI” m[Nn[ “ofSyLIaf” mLGpX gfDu]NnlG ylS;lu]s-kf xfI nCFlS t[GblI d[alFL . sG tId]zSslG xLS;[MG d[hXuLNn[ vLglC rdfgl (pledge) d[hXuL ofDdX sG tId]zSzS ;fDbfI sLh[K (seal) d[oLifcfI ;fs] d[ofu[F v[G “nX_d[G_rI_;LD” tId]zS ;lufIaf ;LjfIxfC (dLb[DafV cld]k-kf gL ofSyLIaf) cfafi] d[GbIgf xfIhLD d[DaXi-g[G sF nTylS clIhfIV nTylS tfFfKV nTylS xfIhLD gL nTylS ;fDoXclG ofuXCdf (to follow) of t[DdfefI t[GblI d[alFL. v[De[Nn[ bLKblV vlrXk[Fl gL ;fIufpXnlIx[KdX tXdfI_dfIxlD (buddhist monasteries)xfC d[hXuL v[GglG cld]k-kf gL ofSyLIafxfCF[ nful ofDdX vLglC o[s-of tfFfKklG tXdfI_;fDoX gL ;fSylD (Buddhist religion and culture)dX n[S;lIdfF[ nful jo[.

    sG tId]zSn[ sL;ls-V “nX_d[G_rI_;LD” sG ;LLD;l ;LjfIxfC sG tId]zSn[G nTpf kfI;lIafbfIxfCefI clId[eXM;LcfI (declared) d[jo[. dLb[DafclG kfMV cld]k-kfclG dfM gL ofSyLIafclG ;fM nCFlS kfg-bI d[hXuLcfI d[jo[ . sG oSrLD (council) “nX_d[G_rI_;LD”  nfDaf sG xfIuKklG xfIu[D kXi-nX. vLglC ;LD;l ;LjfIi] d[bI;lGgfI sG oSrLDdX kfIdl/sLpfK (representative) rXs-dfd[aXi- nX. ofDdX vLglC nLDdX cfKmfn-n[cfI tLg-b]C d[GhXs-g[efI clId[eXM;LcfI d[jo[. mfclNn[ (in case/if) nTylS ;LjfIn[ cfTtlGpfI j]C ;LjfIxfCF[ nful m[GglIjfC rXuLF v[G m[G ofd-aS s[hXs-k[G v[G ;fs]n[G ;fSdfq d[TtLefI g;fg- d[hXuLcfI d[jo[. sG kfg-bI rXs-d[Nn[ o[s-kf k[GhlclG v[G ;i-hLDeXcX ;gfFLI tfMKdf gL mfC;lI rXs-df (to co-operate) ofDdX v[G nXFl (dLb[Daf)V d[GFl (cld]k-kf) gL rIFl (ofSyLIaf) xft-xfC ;LSvlDdX v[De[Nn[ d[oLi[cfI d[jo[ vLglC nLDdX ylSxLD tfMKdfgL sG s[F[S oLS;lI rXs-dfF[ nful sG tId]zS d[hXuLcfI d[jo[. sG xlGwXs-slNn[ sL;I xfIuK oLS;lI rXs-d[KdX c]k-;fK (mark) oLi[ gL v[G vfDaXi-af cld]k-kf (cld]k-kfclG FIifI d[d[TtL) gL ofSyLIaf ;LjfIxfC tXdfI_;fDoX gL ;fSylD sLbI tla]Taf tXdfI_nfD;lafxfC (Tibetan Buddhists)F[ sLblD mXuK (control)n[G x]s-;lIilG d[hXuLcfI d[jo[. sG nfh]CF[G oFlS x[Ss] v[G g[Tpl ;LjfIu[G nLKjfafxfC (tribal communities) d[oLi[cfI d[jo[. sF vLglC tla]Taf xfIu[Dn[ gfwlD d[hXuLaf d[jo[. x[Ss]FlSs] dSvlDdX tla]Taf tXdfI_nfD;lafxfC d[aMGb[cfI oLIdf d[x]s-tL.

    bStU cfUV sV cl;-klSn[ sL;ls- v[G “rI” of “pXi-” ;LTnfclG o[s-of jfC y]cfIe[Nn[ sGglG “nX_d[G_rI_;LD”n[G tlqkftl tId]zScX vXd[b[T nX. sG tId]zS nfDaf cfKmfn-n[ sG “ulqoT ;lSslD”clG kXs-v[b[OI jo[. ylS;lu]s-kf pXu]n-n[G (1642_1670) sLxfIu[DdX ;LSvlD xfIuKk[G vfDaXi-af ;LjfIefI sL;lIglT d[aXi-nX. sG tId]zSn[ cl;ls- “nX” m[Nn[ “nfIu[T” v[GglG nfIu[T kl;fIaf tla]Taf xft-xfC ;LSvlD gL eXtfGgX d[oLi[V “d[G” m[Nn[ “sXcln[G sLaLI” xft-xfC ofSyLIafxfC x[Ss] d[oLi[cfI d[jo[V ofSyLIafxfC ;[Svfc] ;fOInfD d[b[Oaf FX . v[G ;fOIilG tla]Tn[G g[Tpl xfIuKkX nTylS kXi-df ;LSt[T. sF ;fDdLGwLDdlaf xlIefC y];fI xXk-t[V kXi-df ;LSt[T y]cfIe[Nn[ vLglC ofIhlSx[KdX glIjfCd[alFLF d[ofu[.

    sG tId]zSslG mLGpX gfDu]Nn[ ;LxfIu[Dx[KdXFS glFlSsfI cXuK kXs-v[cfI jo[ . sF gi[s-_gi[s- tId]zS ;lufIaf ;fKkSxfC of oLS(nfPX)xfC ofuXCdf (follow) d[F[FLF d[a]. c}Gaf o[DdX sG tId]zSslG cfDefC v[bfC cl;ls-FS kXs-v[cfI jfC y]cfIe[Nn[ sG kfg-bIilG gLMFlS t[GgX cXuK rXs-df d[GpLGtLGg[ jfC ofDdX sG kfg-xfC dLb[Daf gL   cld]k-kfxfC d[hlSvLcfI d[jfC. vf sSs]FlS sG tId]zSslG v[bfC cl;ls-FS kXs-v[F k]. mfC;fI sGglG ofSyLI ;LjfIxfCF[ nful nTylS tfhlaf tId]zS nX. x[Ss]FlS sLgLLD ;LSvlDaf pXu]Nn[ ofSyLIafxfCF[ nful nTylS d[GbIgf dLbfS;f oLSgfC (separate reserved seat) of rI;lt-tlG ;LSvlD vfDPL oSrLDdX (Sikkim State Council) g`;LD rXuLcfI jo[. sF;fI sG rI;lt-tlG tIa] 1979cX d[Ft-tL d[hTtLb];L FX. tIa] 1994n[ sTgf ofSyLIafxfC j]C cs-jfCaf ;LjfIxfC (other backward castes) vfglk-df d[x]s-tL FX.

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